All About Bandhani Prints

13 May 2024

Bandhani print has been made in Japan (Shibori), China, African countries (Adire), Gujarat, Rajasthan, Sindh, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, and Tamil Nadu (Sungudi.)

What is Bandhani Print?

The word ‘Bandhani’ or ‘Bandhej’ is derived from the Sanskrit word ‘Bandh,’ which translates to ‘tying,’ or ‘binding.’ Bandhani print is essentially a tie-dye craft. The fabric's design maybe dots, waves, rings, and strips.

History of Bandhani Print

Bandhani print fabric can be traced back to the Indus Valley Civilization. It is also mentioned in Ajanta Caves, Banabhatta’s ‘Harshcharita,’ and texts of Alexander the Great’s time.

Making Tie Dye Bandhani Print

First, the fabric is washed to remove impurities and ensure an even dye. Depending on the design, the cloth is folded multiple times and then tied. Once the white areas are secured, the cloth is put in a dye bath.

It is then dried. The fabric is tied yet again to secure the coloured spot. It is then placed into a stronger dye bath of the desired colour. Once done, it is dried and put through cross-grain to unravel the knots.

Designs in Bandhani Print Fabric

The terms ‘Ek Dali’ or ‘Bundi’ refer to a single Bandhani dot, ‘Chaubundi’ to four dots, and ‘Satbundi’ to seven dots. Teardrop-shaped dots are called ‘Kodi’, and small dots with darker centres are called ‘Boond’.

Logistics of the Bandhani Print Saree Georgette

Depending on the size of the fabric, design, number of dots, and their types, the prices and time required to make a Bandhani print chiffon saree can vary.

Cultural Significance of Bandhani Print

Bandhani print fabrics are considered auspicious in both Hindu and Muslim communities of Kutch. Each colour in the Bandhani has its unique significance.