Architecture of Bharat Bhavan Bhopal

15 June 2024

Bharat Bhavan Bhopal

Bharat Bhavan is a multi-arts autonomous museum in Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh. It was founded and operated by the Government of Madhya Pradesh. It was opened on 13 February 1982.

Architecture of Bharat Bhavan Bhopal

One may think of the Bharat Bhavan as a maze due to the mix of terraces and courtyards. However, it gives the space a distinct complex street atmosphere.

Every unit in Bharat Bhavan are arranged in a spatial hierarchy, ensuring ample public and private space. Correa emphasized temperature regulation for the city's hot & humid climate.

Part of the Bharat Bhavan was built on a small plateau. This increased the chances of landslides. Hence, retaining walls were made to minimise the effect of any disaster.

The columns were cleared by coffered slabs. This square module is constantly repeated throughout the area of Bharat Bhavan. The RCC concrete shells are reminiscent of a canon or a telescope.

Bharat Bhavan’s space utilises the concept of ‘non-building.’ At first glance, the buildings are shielded, thanks to the grass roof, and the plateau’s slope, which is only unveiled as one progresses inwards.

If directed by three courtyards, visitors reach the facilities of the Bharat Bhavan. Correa described it as a “Ritualistic Pathway,” a state of ebb and flow.

The pavilion has a ‘kund’-like structure, popular with the Hindu temple architecture. The courts and terrace gardens are borrowed from an Indian village setting. The use of slopes and ramps is extensive.

Correa designed Bharat Bhavan to maximise people’s interest in the location's beautiful landscape. Thus, The building has sky courtyards open-air amphitheatre, and Natural grass & flower beds roof.

The steps of Bharat Bhavan’s courtyards resemble Indian ghats. They are a manifestation of the ‘Empty Space’ idea, evoking sense of contemplation and meditation with the sculpture as the focal point.