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11 Things You Didn’t Know About Marcel Duchamp

Marcel Duchamp was an influential French artist and sculptor who is best known for his groundbreaking work in the Dada and Surrealist movements. He is credited with introducing the concept of readymade art to the world, and his works such as the iconic \”Fountain\” (1917) have become iconic works of modern art. He also revolutionized the way that art is perceived and created, as his works often featured unconventional materials and techniques. Duchamp\’s influence has been felt in many facets of modern culture and art, and his work continues to inspire generations of artists and art lovers alike.

Duchamp is best known for his readymades, which are ordinary, mass-produced objects that he selected and designated as works of art. One of his most famous readymades is a urinal that he titled \”Fountain,\” which he signed and dated \”R. Mutt 1917.\” Duchamp\’s use of readymades challenged traditional notions of what could be considered art, and his work paved the way for the development of conceptual art and postmodernism. In addition to his work with readymades, Duchamp was also a painter, sculptor, and draftsman. Duchamp was a member of the Dada movement, which was an artistic and literary movement that emerged in the early 20th century as a reaction to the horrors of World War I. Duchamp\’s work often explored the relationship between art and the viewer. Duchamp\’s work often contained elements of humor and irony, and he is known for his use of wordplay and puns.

He is considered to be one of the most influential artists of the 20th century and his works have had a profound impact on the development of modern art. Some of his most famous works include ‘Fountain’, a urinal he exhibited in 1917, and ‘The Bride Stripped Bare by Her Bachelors, Even’, a large glass sculpture from 1915-23. He was born on July 28, 1887, in Blainville-Crevon, France and died on October 2, 1968, in Neuilly-sur-Seine, France.

11 lesser-known facts about Marcel Duchamp

  1. Marcel Duchamp was an avid chess player and was the chess champion of France in 1928.
  2. He wrote poems, plays and a book on chess called \”L\’Opposition et les Cases Conjointes\”.
  3. In 1955 he created a “Portable Museum” that contained replicas of his most famous works Marcel Duchamp\’s Paysage fautif [Faulty Landscape]-1946.
  4. Duchamp wrote a book in 1953 titled “The Creative Act” which deals with the creative process. Duchamp was also interested in the concept of the fourth dimension and even wrote a book about it called \”The Immortality of Art.\”
  5. He is known for his “Green Box” which is a collection of notes and images that the artist used to explain his artwork.
  6. He was a founding member of the Société Anonyme, an organization that was established to promote modern art. The Bride Stripped Bare by Her Bachelors, Even
  7. In his later years, Duchamp worked on creating optical devices that were meant to create a sense of movement and motion.
  8. Duchamp was a prankster and often played pranks on his friends and family. One famous prank was when he sent a postcard to his sister signed “Rrose Sélavy”, a pseudonym he had created.
  9. Duchamp was also interested in mathematics and science, and he incorporated mathematical and scientific concepts into his art. For example, his piece \”The Large Glass,\” also known as \”The Bride Stripped Bare by Her Bachelors, Even,” incorporates ideas from thermodynamics and quantum physics. Nude Descending by Marcel Duchamp
  10. He used a fake check to pay for his large dental bill in 1919. The dentist took the payment knowing that the check would be valid but it was not valid.
  11. During the Second World War, Marcel Duchamp passed through Nazi checkpoints in occupied Paris posing as a cheese merchant to smuggle material for his artwork out of the country. A close-up of Marcel Duchamp’s irreverent “L.H.O.O.Q.”, 1919.

Feature Image: Artspaper magazine

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