March 23, On this Day
On March 23, 1945, Czech painter, writer, and poet Josef Čapek met his end at the horrendous Bergen-Belsen concentration camp. He was the Czech artist who invented the word “robot”, which was introduced into literature via a science fiction novel by his brother, Karel Čapek.
A painter of the Cubist school, he later developed his own playful, minimalist style. He collaborated with his brother on a number of plays and short stories; on his own, he wrote the utopian play Land of Many Names and several novels, as well as critical essays in which he argued for the art of the unconscious, of children, and of ‘savages’.